Early Photography Projects: Agents and Operations

Published by


Names of people documenting the transition between the Olde and New worlds. Sometimes it’s hard for people just waking up to identify images of significance but if you know the source of the images it is helpful to research that particular photographer, usually the same person specializes in the reset and everything in his portfolio is worth looking at, so even if you wouldn’t recognize it at first it will help you pick them out later.

Dr Hugh Welch Diamond (1809 – 1886) was a doctor specialising in the treatment of mental patients, using photography as part of his treatment. One of the earliest photographers, Robinson referred to Diamond as a ‘father figure’ of photography. He was born and educated in Norwich; studied medicine at the Royal College of Surgeons; opened a private surgery in London in 1831; became a fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1835 and an elected fellow of the Medical Society of London in 1846. He was active in London antiquarian circles, and he built up collections with a particular emphasis on ceramics and prints. In 1834 he was elected a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. In 1845 he began meeting with what became known as the Calotype Society, later referred to as the Photographic Club. Also during the 1840s he became interested in the newly reformed treatment of the insane, and in 1842 began studying mental disease at Bethlehem Hospital under Sir George Tuthill. In 1848 he was elected the residential superintendent of the female department of the Surrey County Lunatic Asylum at Springfield, where he remained until 1858. In the 1850s Diamond published more than a dozen essays and notes on photography and became active in the Photographic Exchange Club and the Photographic Society of London. He became known for photographing patients, the first systematic use of photography in the history of psychiatry. In 1856 Diamond resigned his position at the Surrey County Asylum and moved to Twickenham, where he established a private asylum for female patients. During the late 1850s and 1860s Diamond was active in the Photographic Society, editing its journal from 1859 to 1869, serving as its secretary for this period, and later as one of its Vice Presidents, but he discontinued his practice of photographing inmates around this time. He continued to hold weekly gatherings of literary, antiquarian, photographic, and artistic friends at his home until his death. Hugh Welch Diamond was a member of the Linked Ring Brotherhood. Henry Peach Robinson was a pioneer of combination printing – joining multiple negatives to form a single image – although not the first to establish it. In 1855 he opened a photographic studio in Leamington Spa. He became one of the founding members of the Birmingham Photographic Society in 1856. In 1864 he moved to London and began writing influential essays on photography. He opened a new studio in Tunbridge Wells around 1869 and in 1870 became vice-president of the Royal Photographic Society. He resigned from the Society post in 1891 and instead became one of the early members of the rival Linked Ring Brotherhood.

Heliographic mission

During the summer of 1851, the young Commission des monuments historique commissioned the photographers Henri Le Secq , Gustave Le Gray , Auguste Mestral , Édouard Baldus and Hippolyte Bayard to “collect photographic drawings of a certain number of historic buildings”. The commission sees in the heliography a fast and efficient way to document and prepare the restorations of the historical monuments for which it is responsible. (Capuchin fake catacombs of Palermo by Gray)

Though he was trained as a painter, Gustave Le Gray made his mark in the emerging medium of photography. An experimenter and technical innovator, Le Gray pioneered the use of the paper negative in France and developed a waxed-paper negative that produced sharper-focus prints. In 1851 he began to use collodion on glass negatives, which further increased the clarity of his images. He became one of the first five photographers, along with Édouard-Denis Baldus and Hippolyte Bayard, to work for the missions héliographiques, a government-sponsored commission to document the state of repair of important French monuments and buildings.

Le Gray is credited with teaching photography to many important French photographers in the 1850s. In 1851 he became a founding member of the Société Héliographique, the first photographic organization in the world, and later joined the Société Française de Photographie. In 1860 Le Gray started to tour the Mediterranean with the writer Alexandre Dumas, but they soon parted company. Le Gray went on to Lebanon and then to Egypt, where he became a professor of drawing and died in 1884.

Hits most of Italy and the Mediterranean, including Venice and Rome and the Cathedrals. [link]

Like Beato, Sammy captured images of Lucknow and India in the 1850’s Middle East

Jessie Tarbox Beals

Human Zoo at the World Fair St Louis 1904, Louisianna Purchase Expo

Jtown was a preplanned media event to divide classist mentality Us vs. Them, and to erase the ghost town that existed there before the repopulation. There are several famous phtographers included in the project.

Histed, Ernest Walter, 1862-1947, photographer

George Barker, also did the tornado destruction of St Louis and multiple World Fairs. Worked with Kilburn, KB also shot images of the devastated Jtown


Georg Koppmann

Ernest Walter Histed (1862–1947) was an English-American photographer born in Brighton.

He went to United States and created a successful business in Chicago, and then in Pittsburgh. He returned to England to set up a studio first in New Bond Street and then in Baker Street, London. In 1898 he made portraits of H. Rider Haggard, Clara Butt and the Empress of Germany, the last by command of Queen Victoria at Windsor Castle. He also photographed Royal Academicians, leading actors for The Candid Friend (they’re all actors) and Pope Pius X. Then he returned to New York, and operated a studio on Fifth Avenue. He moved to Palm Beach, Florida and continued to work until 1934. The largest collection of his work is held by the Museum of the City of New York.

Matthew Brady

Another thing I have noticed is usually the name on the file wasnt even a real flesh and bone person, they exist on paper just for the purpose of hiding Reset and Repopulation documentation. The most obvious example is Matthew Brady. Brady’s file is the first ‘crisis actor’ file; the file is comprised of headshots of people in costume even titled ‘Actor’ and ‘actress’. Costumes include cowboys, Indians, medieval europe; scenes are generic stock scenes with tens of thousands of entries. Photographed fake Lincoln

Brady has two associates, Timmy O’Sullivan, and Alex Gardner, between the three of them they cover about all of American history; the Civil War, Westward Expansion, Indian Reservations, Abe Lincoln… They also cover individual elements of the infrastructure, out of place artifacts like bridges, tunnels, starforts, dams. Everything from the Old World just goes into a file with Brady, Sullivan or Gardener on the label.

Alex Gardener

Gettysburg Cemetery and Civil War here

Timothy O’Sullivan

Student of Brady. Head of Westward Expeditions. link

Felice and Antonio Beato

Felice and Antonio Beato- bio- First photographer in Asia and Egypt, also the step brother of Fenton and he worked in Crimea during the war, shop in Constantinople. Beato images of Indian Revolution in Lucknow. worked in Corfu, the Winged Lion thread.

his photographs of sacred sites and monuments from the Middle East and Mediterranean, which he made during his expedition the following year and which bore the signature “Robertson, Beato & Co.” (where the last word is thought to allude to Antonio). However, the subsequently used signature of “Feli

ce Antonio Beato,” particularly in photographs made in Egypt and East Asia – after Beato began his own practice – has also caused some confusion over the attributions. It was later found that the signature represented the names of both Beato brothers thought to have been involved in their production.

Great wall of china, Japanese Samurai culture

Here is a pdf of his asian stuff but there is a better presentation here

S.V. Albee

S.V. Albee, Pittsburgh railroad ruins of 1877. Albee also photographed the Johnstown Flood in 1889

Bruno Braquehais

Deaf photographer, covered the Paris Commune and toppling of the Column of Vendome. Images didnt surface until 1972 while prepping for the 100 yr centennial celebration. That means they sat on a shelf for a century. Bruno was deaf which is what gave him the allowance to photograph both sides of the revolution…at least thats what the books says. How else could you explain how someone was capable of working behind both sides of the line without being strung up as a spy? The old “handicapped pass” gag.

One of the first to do nudes, French Revolution destruction of Paris

Gaspard-Félix Tournachon, who later adopted the pseudonym Nadar, was born in 1820. Father was a printer and book seller. in 1854 opened a photographic studio at 113 rue St. Lazare

Edited Le Petit Journal pour Rire, the French rendition of Harpers Weekly or Frank Leslies Illustrated Journal.

He was big into ballooning and early flight development, first to offer balloon rides. He had a double-deckered gondola balloon.  26 September 1864, Nadar erected mobile barriers to keep the crowd at a safe distance. Crowd control barriers are still known in Belgium as Nadar barriers.

He received traveling dignitaries from the Emperor of Japan, the second ambassador of Japan was special invite to the World Fair. This means he was an exhibit and part of the new world order. A fake culture, They may have well been in the Human Zoo’s but they had much better treatment. The function was the same.

He photographed Josephine Baker, an early African american actress, I only know her bc she propped up the birth control psyop, theres a gif around here somewhere of her topless in the bathtub and twerking with a banana underwear costume, a reference to the monkey nut transplants that were trending. On that note I should say Nadar photographed the first hermaphrodite. The poor thing has a tiny pecker and vagina lips where the taint usually is. If the pics are real or not I dont want to get close enough to find out but it makes for a good novelty.

First to photograph the Paris Catacombs, this was big bc its a dark area, 100% artificial lighting. In the States there were advancements made by Timmy Sullivan and Alex Gardener in the mine shafts and cave systems. First to do aerial photography, esp during war time. 1863, his studio became the home of The Society for the Encouragement of Aerial Locomotion by means of Heavier-than-Air Machines. Jules Vern was the secretary. Won multiple medals at the Paris and London World Fairs. Buried in Pere la’ Chaise. [Art works]

Here is a sketch of his two-story balloon basket. The thing is, he was a cameraman, if this thing was real there would be pictures. Flight development has been scrubbed from the photo record. You have to keep in mind that every picture you see online has been digitized. Most pictures that I would share all come from about 10 gatekeepers;NYPL, MET, LOC, Rijksmuseum, Getty, Wellcome… Theres more but you get the point. Each image passes through the hands of some spook before its uploaded and the gatekeepers gotta keep gates, items like flying machines have scrubbed from all the collections. Even the records focused on the machines and orgs themselves dont have pictures. Maybe this guy had a big basket, maybe he didn’t. Chances are he’s not even real but if he is he did not do all the things he is given credit for.

First to suggest airmail. During the Siege of Paris he delivered mail to and from the citizens stuck inside city limits. There was no French Revolution, the city of Paris was already in ruins. He photographer the toppling of the Column of Vendune at the Paris Commune. I would like to see those images, I have studied the photo record of the French Revolution , if there were pictures of this staged event I’m certain I would’ve ran across them. Maybe this is his big basket. There is a question mark next to the caption.

Roger Fenton

Roger Fenton covered the Crimean War; this was a wag-the-dog war that was published in the newspapers after the camera was developed.

The Library of Congress purchased 263 of Fenton’s salted paper and albumen prints from his grandniece Frances M. Fenton in 1944, including his most well-known photograph, “Valley of the Shadow of Death.” 

This set of unmounted photographs may be unique in that it appears to reflect an arrangement imposed by Fenton, or the publisher, Thomas Agnew & Sons, and yet is a set of prints that was not issued on the standard mounts sold by the publisher. It is possible that this collection is comprised of a set of prints kept and annotated by Fenton himself.

Images didnt surface til 1944 bc they are not Fentons. His famous Shadow of Death image has been outed as a fake to keep the others in good light.

About the George Grantham Bain Collection

(The pun is Bane, the Bane Collection of fabricated history, jokes on you)

The George Grantham Bain Collection represents the photographic files of one of America’s earliest news picture agencies. The collection richly documents sports events, theater, celebrities, crime, strikes, disasters, political activities including the woman suffrage campaign, conventions and public celebrations. The photographs Bain produced and gathered for distribution through his news service were worldwide in their coverage, but there was a special emphasis on life in New York City. The bulk of the collection dates from the 1900s to the mid-1920s, but scattered images can be found as early as the 1860s and as late as the 1930s.

William H. Rau

Propaganda artist for the RR.

He was the official photographer of the St. Louis World’s Fair in 1904, and of the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition in Portland in 1905. His work is now included in the collections of the Smithsonian Institution and the Getty Museum.

In 1874 Rau joined an expedition to Chatham Island in the South Pacific to photograph the Transit of Venus. Rau photographed some of the world’s most remote places while on this expedition.

After returning, Rau joined the Centennial Photographic Company to conduct photographic work for Philadelphia’s Centennial Exposition of 1876. After the exposition, he joined his father-in-law’s stereo card studio, which he purchased in 1878. He operated this studio in partnership with his brother, George, until 1880.[3]

In 1881, Rau joined Wilson on an expedition to the Middle East. He photographed numerous sites in Egypt, Palestine, and Damascus, and captured some of the earliest photographs of the ruins of Petra. The expedition spent 45 days in the desert at one point, and Rau recalled being constantly threatened, harassed, and robbed by locals. The expedition ascended Mount Sinai, but was unable to capture any photographs due to poor lighting. So he says but probs he never went.

 In 1885 he set up his own studio in Philadelphia. In 1886, Rau made the first of several trips to Europe, photographing sites in Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, France, and Italy. In 1889, he accompanied a tour of Mexico.

Rau became the railroad’s official photographer in 1895. He spent a significant portion of the 1890s doing photographic work for both the Lehigh and the Pennsylvania Railroad, and published collections of his railroad photos in 1892 and 1900. The railroads are the military intelligence embodiment.

Rau gradually fell into obscurity. He died at his home in Philadelphia on November 19, 1920.

Rau’s photographs span a wide range of topics in places around the world. Cities photographed by Rau include New York City, Paris, Moscow, Cairo, Tokyo, Naples, Nablus, St. Pierre, Martinique, Butte, Montana, and his native Philadelphia. Individuals who posed for portraits for Rau include Theodore Roosevelt, Admiral George Dewey, poet Edwin Markham, Apache chief Geronimo, and Sioux chiefs Luke Little Hawk and Lone Elk. Rau’s panoramic subjects include Niagara Falls and Hemlock Lake, and the cities of Rochester and Buffalo in New York and Easton in Pennsylvania.

images at getty

Transit of Venus file. This was a big event in the world of exploration and photography. Photographers from all over the world dropped what they were doing and sailed to South America to watch the transit. I found it in the Brazilian National Archives

William H Bell

Medical photographer for the War Dept, captured images of battlefields and amputations. He also is said to have been in the battle of Gettysburg and Antietum.

Bell joined the Wheeler Expedition of the Westward Expansion. Later the survey expedition to Patagonia and Brazil.

With his son-in-law W Rau he worked the Philly Centennial and sold the studio to Rau afterward. Bell’s work was exhibited at the Vienna Universal Exposition and the Louisville Industrial Exposition in 1873, and at the Centennial Exposition in 1876, he traveled to Europe in 1892 to photograph paintings for the Columbia World’s Fair.

Alphonse Liebert

More ruins of Paris, both of the Paris Commune and from the Franco-Prussian War.

He was one of the few photographers to remain in Paris during the Commune; documenting the buildings destroyed during the Bloody Week, and the barricades built by the Communards. In addition, he was the only one to photograph the ruins in the inner suburbs, caused by Prussian bombardments. In 1872, he published these pictures in a double album called Les ruines de Paris et de ses environs. 1870 – 1871. Cent photographies.

In 1873, he became a member of the Société française de photographie. In 1897, together with his son, Georges, he founded “A. Liébert et Cie”, devoted to the manufacture and distribution of silver celluloid photographic paper. Their company declared bankruptcy in 1906.[4] He died in 1913, and was interred at the Cimetière du Père-Lachaise.

Adolphe Block

Another photographer that hit the destruction of Paris during the Commune.

Someone put alot of effort into gathering a large amount of material of Paris before the revolution from multiple sources. A good resource.

Thomas Martin Easterly 

(October 3, 1809 – March 12, 1882) was a 19th-century American daguerreotypist and photographer. One of the more prominent and well-known daguerreotypists in the Midwest United States during the 1850s, his studio became one of the first permanent art galleries in Missouri.

After his death, his wife sold most of his personal collection to John Scholton, another noted St. Louis photographer. The Scholton family eventually donated the plates to the Missouri Historical Society where they remained for nearly a century before being rediscovered during the 1980s by art scholars studying pre-American Civil War photography.

Did Merriweather Lewis, from Lewis and Clark and the first instantaneous image of lightning bolt. The Mounds of Moundville Indian fame, Bearded Lady of P.T. Barnum.

This picture caption says “Easterly with unknown male” It looks like the same person to me. except the eyebrows

Emil Boehl

A St. Louis photographer who primarily focused his camera on St. Louis streets, buildings, and locales. Born in Calvoerde, Germany, in 1839, Boehl immigrated to St. Louis in 1854. After serving in the Union Army during the Civil War, Boehl returned to St. Louis in 1864 and opened a photography studio with Lawrence Koenig that spring. With Koenig focusing on portraiture, Boehl became one of the most prolific St. Louis scenic photographers active in the latter half of the 19th Century. The Boehl/Koenig partnership lasted until 1897. Boehl retired from photography in 1919 and died later that year on the 12th of December. The Emil Boehl Collection consists of three series. The collection contains images dating from 1850 to ca. 1906. The collection’s archival materials include photographic prints and negatives. According to historians Peter E. Palmquist and Thomas R. Kailbourn, Boehl’s career was from 1864 to 1919, and he was known to sell prints of Thomas Easterly’s daguerreotypes. In light of those facts, some dates in the Boehl Collection may be labelled incorrectly and/or some images may not be Boehl’s.

Series 1: Large Photographic Prints Series 1 contains photographic prints measuring 11 inches by 14 inches or larger. The majority of the photographs are matte-framed. Some of the images are dated, with the dates ranging from 1850 to 1900.

Series 2: 1904 World’s Fair Series 2 contains photographic prints of the 1904 World’s Fair, more formally known as the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. All of the images depict architectural content such as the various Palaces (e.g.: Palace of Electricity, Palace of Varied Industry, etc.), U.S. state buildings (e.g.: Missouri and Alaska), foreign nation buildings (e.g.: Brazil, Germany, and Japan), the U.S. Government Building, the Sunken Garden, Grand Basin, and Festival Hall. Two overview shots of the Fair are also included. The prints measure less than 10 inches by 10 inches.

Series 3: St. Louis Streets, Buildings, and Landmarks Series 3 contains photographic prints and film negatives depicting St. Louis streetscapes, buildings, and landmarks. The series starts with street views arranged alphabetically by street (e.g.: Chestnut, Locust), continues with depictions of individual buildings arranged by building name (e.g.: Mercantile Library, Wainwright), and then ends with categorical folders (e.g.: hotel exteriors, residences, rooftop views) arranged alphabetically. The prints measure less than 10 inches by 10 inches. Some photos are dated, ranging from the 1870s to the early 1900s.

Palmquist, Peter E., and Thomas R. Kailbourn. Pioneer Photographers from the Mississippi to the Continental Divide: a Biographical Dictionary, 1839-1865. Stanford, CA: Stanford UP

Ghost city: Wales.

He also did parts of Egypt and Palestine. Temple of Baalbek [Link]

Willy Nicky Jennings

Repository, bio

Jennings was a son of wealthy Mill owners from the UK that emigrated to U.S. to work for the World Fair/RR company. His lightening shot was recorded on 8/1, Aces and Eights, the shot was in international headlines and was published in Scientific American and Popular Science. The project was on the list of the Association for the Advancement of Science, 1857. Jennings made the shots one year after arc streetlights were installed. Thats the opening we are looking for, he used artifical means to get his lightning shots. He said he was able to get the same bolt on two cameras at the same time. Thats fast reflexes. His schtick was part psychological mindfuck,  his script for one lantern slide presentation set the scene with “the close of a hot sultry day, when you are returning home with limp collar and dropping spirits” and you notice a “bank of dense curdling clouds” with “evidence of great internal strife.” Sounding like an agent of the National Park Service.

Images were part of a broader meteorological project, put together by Weather Makers and ultimately under control of Dept of Agriculture. The meteorological people were also with the North and South Polar expeditions. His images were displayed at the Chicago World Fair in ’93.

Eadweard Muybridge

San Francisco during the later 1800’s. Eddie is the one that got the famous Cliff House. He also got the series of horse gallops that proved all legs are up at the same time. He also got Nob Hill, central to the Great Strike of 1877.

Involved in a media frenzy murder trial of his wifes’ lovers. He was on call in South America. Check for S.A. image files. The murder trial was mock drama, He was acquitted.

Partners with Samuel Morse, who was credited as one of the very first daguerrotype artists in America

Spent most of his later career at the University of Pennsylvania developing motion pictures [Link to bio]

photgrapher from Luxemborg. worked the D’anvers World Fair in Antwerp.

Photographer Trier. Repopulated with Children, winged lion and serpent slayer fountain


Alexander Roinashvili

GA State Archives

Born in the mountainous community of Dusheti, east Georgia, then part of the Russian Empire, Roinashvili took photographic classes at the Khlamov studio in Tiflis. He began his career as a photographer in Tiflis in 1865 and soon set up his own studio. Closely associated with the Georgian national movement, he was involved in documenting cultural heritage in Georgia and organized a mobile museum of photography which toured across the Caucasus and Russia proper.

Those words were said about the peasant boy from Dusheti who at the beginning of 60-th moved to Tiflis. He started taking up photography in the studio of T. Khlamov, in artistic atmosphere of which A. Roinashvili as a painter and a first Georgian professional photographer was formed.In 1875 he opened his own photo studio in the center of Tiflis. With photos taken by A. Roinashvili photography reached the houses of Georgian intelligentsia. The walls of their houses were decorated by the photos of historical monuments and famous Georgian public figures taken by him.

A. Roinashvili was in correspondence with the famous historian and archeologist D. Bakhradze with whom he was sharing his plans about estsblishing a mobile museum of Georgian antiques and for which he bought several hundred displays in Dagestan where he worked for several years.

In 1887 A. Roinashvili managed to create a mobile museum and took it in Astrakhan, Saratov and later Pettersburg. Besides the photos depicting Georgian antiques there where also exhibited old arms, silver and steel dishes, numismatic collection and other Georgian and Eastern cultural displays. The exhibition has a huge success that gave him a push to think about taking those displays to foreign countries. This idea was unfulfilled.

A.Roinashvili was one of the initiators to establish Tiflis Amateur photographers society, foundation meeting of which was held in A. Roinashvili studio in April 1893.A. Roinashvili was a member of every functioning cultural and public organization.Was printing publicistic articles, helding theatrical rehearsals in his studio,sending books to shools and libraries in villages for free.

His funeral had a hue of festivity. Teacher of a noble school mister Ivan Ratishvili said the farewell word and metioned Roinashvili’s studio as one of the centers of Georgian cultural life: “Whole galaxy of Georgian youth was trained there. You were the trainer yourself, you cared with your whole heart to prepare them for life and show the right and decent path of work. Now, this youth is lamenting over your coffin and doesn’t know how to continue the meritable work began by you” (“Iveria”, 1898, May 16, 101).

The fate of Roinashvili’s studio and his student’s later life showed that not only the youth was concerned about the future.The Society spreading literary in Georgia decided to continue the work of his photo studio with same stuff. Till 1899 Vasil Roinashvili was managing the studio, later he moved to Telavi and took the part of the photography equipments with him. Little later studio was abandon by other collaborators too. Zakaria Labauri, who also took the part of photo equipments withhim opened the studio “Nadzaladevi Photography” just behind the railway station. For a short period of time Alexander Roinashvili’s studio was managed by the painter Taras Momtselidze . In 1901 Alexander Mamuchashvili was invited from Baku who was working in the field of photography there. In 1902 he participated in Ekvtime Takaishvili’s expedition in southern regions of Georgia. In 1903 Taras Momtselidze returned to studio but died soon. Society obviously couldn’t manage governing Roinashvili’s studio.

In 1905 Roinashvili’s photo studio along with his negatives was given in private property to famous photographer Dimitri Ermakov.

In 1916 D. Ermakov passed away. Ekvtime Takaishvili went to Baku to get some financial aid from Georgian producers who were working there. (Akaki Khoshtaria producer and a philanthropist gave a significant amount money). With this sum, the legacy of D. Ermakov including A. Roinashvili’s negatives was bought by Historical-Ethnographic Society and University of Tbilisi.

Alexander Roinashvili is buried in Didube pantheon. 

Russian Slavic photographers

Alexander Engel1848-1918
In December 1890 Alexander Engel opened a photo studio in Tiflis. Earlier, known as a landscape painter, he worked in Central Asia and Northern Caucasus. In 1879 he received a silver medal of Petersburg’s Geografical Society and in 1881 the Diploma of International Congress of Geographers. In 1879 A. Engel was a member of Russian Imperial Geographic Society. He was an author of album “Railways of Caspian Land”. In 1895 he opened a photo lithographic studio. Since 1896 he worked as a photographer on Transcaucasian Railway.He was missing in Central Asia during the Civil war in 1918.
Dimitri Jermakov1846-1916
D. Jermakov, one of the most important photographer and professional of pre-revolutionary Tiflis, was born in 1846. Since 1866, he’s been ingaged in photography and after 4 years he becomes one of the most well-known experts in this field. “Jermakov’s photos are distinguished by their artistic perfection and are of great interest from the standpoint of ethnography and archeology” — write the newspaper “Kaukaz”. In 1877-78 years he takes a part in war between Russia and Turkey as a military photographer. In 1880 D. Jermakov founds his own photo studio in Tiflis and works successfully in many different genres.Photographer traveled a lot in different regions of Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Persia, Turkey and North Caucasus taking pictures of cities, landscapes, architectural monuments and ethnic groups. D. Jermakov took part in a number of exhibitions and received high rewards. In 1897 he was chosen as a corresponding member of Caucasus Fine Arts Supporting Society. In 1907 year he becomes the member of Caucasus Departament at Moscow Archeological Society. Later in 1912 he becomes a founding member of Tiflis Fine Arts Society.D. Jermakov often participated in scientific expeditions. In particular, during 1910 he carried out a travel in Svanety, Where he took about nine handred photos; among them are many architectural and archeological monuments. In Imereti, he photographed in details architectural monuments such as Jruchi, Katskhi, Savanee, Mgvimevi Monastery. Among the monuments photographed by him are ones that do not exist any more. We can only keep the image of those monuments according to his photos.D. Jermakov died on November the 10, 1916 in Tiflis.The result of his creative work for half century is a vast photo-collection that consists of about thirty thousand negatives. Even only naming the separate photographic series gives us an idea about his vast geographic range — Tiflis and it’s surroundings, Kutaisi, Batumi, Erevan, Anisi, Baku, Kislovodsk, Jalta, Ashkabad, Samarkand, Bukhara, Konstantinopol, Trapzon, Athens, Varna, Tehran, Isfahan, Abkasia, Kakcheti, Kchevsureti, Pshavi and etc.What draws the particular interest is Tiflis series dedicated to city that has always been the creative objective of the photographer. Preserved negatives give picturesque image of almost chronological history of Tiflis’s development for more than fifty years.Collection of Jermacov, undoubtedly has a particular historical value, later bought by Georgian Society of History and Etnography and University of Tbilisi in 1918.Besides the documentary value, works of D. Jermakov have a great artistic value too. The technical way of completing work differs by its high professionalism.The photographer kept an eye on technical development of contemporary photography and used all the new achivements in his work. At first he worked on wet colloidal plate, later with dry bromine gelatinous plate of different formats. Contact sheets were printed on brown coloured paper. He almost never edited a film shot as the he always chose the suitable composition to fit the shot.The characteristic feature of his artistic style is inclination towards revealing of space at most.While shooting historical monuments, he was trying to show the nature of the monument not only to make a documentary shot of them, at the same time trying to create an impression on those who would see.Tamaz GhersamiaNegatives by D. Jermakov are kept in the State Museum of Fine Arts and the S. Janashia State Museum of Georgia.
Vladimir Barkanov
In was 1870-1875 V. Barkanov was a member of French Society of Photography and was listed as a photographer from Kutaisi.In the spring of 1872 polytechnic exhibition was held in Moskow V. Barkanov sent 163 copies of different view of Caucasus and also the photo collection of ancient Georgian Old Testament kept in Gelati monastery. In 1873 V. Barkanov sent his photo series on the world exhibition in Vienna where he got the certificate of merit. The same year, he moved to Tiflis and opened a photo studio on Erivansky square. His studio was equipped with modern European equipment with which he could easily and quickly conduct any photographic work in small and natural sizes. There worked a painter who was coloring the portraits with oil, watercolor or aniline paints.In 1877-1878 during the war between Russian and Turkey V. Barkanov served as a military correspondent on Caucasus front.In 1880 he appears to be a professional photographer in his studio. The portraits taken by him are distinguish by the effective lighting. He was personally taking care of all the works performed in his studio.In 1881 V. Barkanov received a Diploma of Progress on the exhibition held Toulouse. He was a participant of number of expeditions; was always ready to travel far with unwieldy equipment and deal with the difficulties.V. Barkanov died in Teheran in 1892.Giorgi GersamiaV. Barkanov’s photos are kept in Literary Museum in Tbilisi.
Alexander Ivanitski and Ivan Nostits
In the middle of the 19 th century the full members of the French Society of Photography were Alexander Ivanitski and Count Ivan Nostits employed in Georgia.In 1857 the head of the Mining Service in the Caucasus colonel A.Ivanitski was sent on a business trip to Paris and London with a very significant task. The commander-in-chief A. Bariatinski ordered him to establish a military photographic institution under the main headquarter of the Caucasian Army.The organizational work took a few years and in 1863 this photographic institution started functioning. Military photographers played great role in the development of professional photography in the Caucasus.I. Nostits began to study photography in 1839 at the Cadet Corps in Petersburg. First he started his military career in Tbilisi, then he was the leader of the Nizhegorod regiment in Dagestan. There he received in his apartment the famous French novelist Alexander Dumas, who travelled in the Caucasus in 1859, and showed his guest the album of pictures taken by himOn 25 August the Russian army took Shamil’s last foothold Aul Gunib and captured the Imam. Shamil’s photo with his son was taken by I. Nostits in Chir-Yurt on 4 September, 1856


In 1874-75, the Russian government sent a research and trading mission to China to seek out new overland routes to the Chinese market, report on prospects for increased commerce and locations for consulates and factories, and gather information about the Dungan Revolt then raging in parts of western China. Led by Lieutenant Colonel Iulian A. Sosnovskii of the army General Staff, the nine-man mission included a topographer, Captain Matusovskii; a scientific officer, Dr. Pavel Iakovlevich Piasetskii; Chinese and Russian interpreters; three non-commissioned Cossack soldiers; and the mission photographer, Adolf Erazmovich Boiarskii. The mission proceeded from Saint Petersburg to Shanghai via Ulan Bator (Mongolia), Beijing, and Tianjin, and then followed a route along the Yangtze River, along the Great Silk Road through the Hami oasis, to Lake Zaysan, back to Russia. Boiarskii took some 200 photographs, which constitute a unique resource for the study of China in this period. Most of the photographs are included in this album, which later became part of the Thereza Christina Maria Collection assembled by Emperor Pedro II of Brazil and given by him to the National Library of Brazil. Boats and boating; Cities and towns; Hai River; Memory of the World; Rivers; Sailboats.

National Library of Brazil has spit out some good photo albums, they’re kinda like the L.O.C.

Jean Pascal Sebah (1823-86)
Figure Studies from Cairo
Before 1880
Organised tourism arrived in the Middle East when Thomas Cook offered his first Nile tour in 1869. These photographs were made primarily as tourist souvenirs, but they were also a form of anthropological ‘inventory’.

Sebah exhibited them in Cairo, where he had opened a studio in 1873, and sold them to the American scholar D. Willard Fiske. Part fact and part romantic interpretation, the images perpetuated the European perception of the Middle East as an ‘exotic Orient’.

 JH Henning whose studio/gallery was at 170 Main Street in Johnstown, Pennsylvania. The picture was taken before the end of 1888 because that is when Mr. Henning died. John H Henning was born on March 1, 1852 in Johnstown, Pennsylvania. Henning had set up his own studio, and two of his surprise clients in 1877 were the newly captured Clark Haleman and Lafayette Bloom, members of the Mardis counterfeiting gang. From there they were taken to Henning’s gallery to be photographed before taken to jail. According to the Johnston Tribune the gang was “now entirely broken up.”John’s second son, Herman Schill Henning, was born on October 26, 1884. It is likely that he foresaw his death approaching as he wrote a will in which he left an insurance policy for his sons, but also went into detail about what was to happen to his books. The will was signed on October 19, 1888. John H Henning died two days later.

johnstown flood

Edinburgh was a ghost city. Population: Zero. Several photographers are credited for their albums capturing the city at the very beginning of the Repopulation. Any references to Edinburgh is a mark, such as the University that is said to be the HQ for projects involving communications tech, the telephone and Alexander Graham Bell, and the Agricultural Revolution, where they held trials during the development of the Combine Reaper. Any shout outs in a persons bio is a spook, either going to, or coming from Edinburgh. The Photo Society is the premiere outfit for Reset photographer agents

Wellcome Center

Archive for images on par with Rijksmuseum, organized by location or photographer. link

(Benjamin West), 1827-1909 Collection at New York Public Library (NYPL)

Points of US history from Maine to Key West to Alaska and California, New Orleans. The Hoosac Tunnel, Mayflower and Plymouth Rock Pilgrims. Templar Knights parade, Boston, 1895, Niagara Falls. Black Culture, May Queen, Arlington Cemetery, NYC skyscrapers, Yellowstone Park. Small Olde World New England towns of North Adams MA. and Bethlehem NH. multiple railroads, Little Round Top at Gettysburg, Battle of Chattanooga, Liberty Bell, Great Thunder and Lightning Makers (?) Machinery Hall, Cop Statue for Chicago riots, San Francisco Earthquake damage. (Nob Hill. featured in the Great Railway Strike of 77)

Multiple World Fairs;This guys probly is just a file name. If he was a real flesh and bone person he gets credit for other ppls work. To much going on to be one person. A World Fair Project himself. Including; Columbian Expo (photographed Greely Party from the North Pole and McCormick Exhibit and Womens Pavillion, Cliff Dwellings), NY ‘Great Centennial, 1889, Cali Midwinter Expo, 1894, Atlanta Cotton Expo, 1896 (Baby incubators), Pan American, Buffalo, 1901 (Where McKinnley was assassinated at Temple of Music). St Louis Louisianna Purchase Expo, 1904.

Olde World Columbus Ohio

State archives

photographers noted are A.H. (aces ans eights) Alton, William Oldroyd and William Gates.

No clue who this family is but they got around quite a bit and have some high quality photography

The subcategories are each linked to a specific series of inventory numbers.

Inventory numbers#imagesSubcategory
LXVI:A.01.-53.53Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Walther och Wilhelmina von Hallwyls resor genom Schweiz (1870)
LXVI:B.01.-89.93Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Resor genom Frankrike, Italien, Schweiz och Tyskland (1880-1881)
LXVI:C.01.-33.33Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Resor genom Norge (1886)
LXVI:D.01.-47.47Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Resor genom Frankrike och Spanien (1886)
LXVI:E.01.-198.211Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Resor genom Italien (1888)
LXVI:F.01.-138.146Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Familjen von Hallwyls resa genom Algeriet och Tunisien (1890)
LXVI:G.01.-07.7Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Resor genom Frankrike och Italien (1870-1890)
LXVI:H.01.-26.26Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Resor genom Italien, Kroatien och Slovenien (1891)
LXVI:I.01.-32.32Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Resor genom Norge (1892)
LXVI:J.01.-169.169Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Resor, genom Spanien, Portugal och Marocco (1895)
LXVI:K.01.-147.147Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Resor, genom Grekland, Macedonien, Serbien och Schweiz (1896)
LXVI:K.A.01.-22.22Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Johanna Kempe, f. Wallis resor genom Tyskland och Schweiz (1880)
LXVI:K.B.01.-32.32Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Resor genom Schweiz (1880)
LXVI:K.C.01.-154.154Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Johanna Kempe, f. Wallis resor genom Frankrike och Italien (1883)
LXVI:K.D.01.-40.40Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Johanna Kempe, f. Wallis resor genom England (1886)
LXVI:K.E.01.-32.32Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Johanna Kempe, f. Wallis resor genom Norge (1886)
LXVI:K.F.01.-51.51Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Johanna Kempe, f. Wallis resor genom Frankrike, Pyreneerna och Schweiz (1886)
LXVI:K.G.01.-193.196Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Johanna Kempe, f. Wallis resor genom Italien och Schweiz (1888)
LXVI:K.H.01.-137.64Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Johanna Kempes samling från resan till Algeriet och Tunisien (1889-1890)
LXVI:K.I.01.-05.5Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Johanna Kempe, f. Wallis resor genom Österrike och Italien (1889)
LXVI:K.J.01.-48.43Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Johanna Kempe, f. Wallis resor genom Norge (1890)
LXVI:K.K.01.-14.17Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Johanna Kempe, f. Wallis resor genom Tyskland, Salzburg och Tyrolen (1890)
LXVI:K.L.01.-07.7Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Johanna Kempe, f. Wallis resor genom Italien, Rivieran och Schweiz (1890)
LXVI:K.M.01.-19.20Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Johanna Kempe, f. Wallis resor genom Tyrolen, Österrike, Italien och Schweiz (1891)
LXVI:K.N.01.-157.159Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Johanna Kempes f. Wallis resa genom Spanien, Portugal och Marocko (1895)
LXVI:K.O.01.-02.2Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Johanna Kempes f. Wallis resa i Moskva (1898)
LXVI:L.01.-04.4Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Resa i Moskva (1898)
LXVI:M.01.-201.215Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Familjen von Hallwyls resa genom Egypten och Sudan (1900)
LXVI:N.01.-180.187Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Resor genom Israel och Syrien (1901)
LXVI:O.01.-54.53Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Familjen von Hallwyls resa genom Mindre Asien och Turkiet (1901)
LXVI:P.01.-15.15Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Resor genom Kroatien och Montenegro (1906)
LXVI:Q.01.-55.55Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Resor genom Holland, Belgien och Schweiz (1927)
LXVI:R.01.-03.3Von Hallwyl family photo albums – Resor genom Schweiz (1924)

Coney Island had alot of spooky shit. Edison even electrocuted an elephant just so he could video it. Campbell captured some early NY sites, including a Bridge of Sighs, of which there is one in Venice.