Raphael Pumpelly (1837-1923)
American geologist and explorer, studied at the Royal School of Mines in Freiberg. He accepted a post in 1861 as a geologist for the Japanese government, and served two years in that position before traveling on through China, Mongolia, and Russia. He returned to the U.S. to study iron and copper deposits in Michigan and the Lake Superior district and from 1884-89 served as head of the New England division of the U.S. Geological Survey. In 1903 and 1904 he led expeditions to Turkestan under the auspices of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. Pumpelly’s wife, Eliza Frances Shephard Pumpelly, whom he had married in 1869, died in 1915, eight years before he died in Newport, Rhode Island in 1923.
- First geologist in Middle Eastern region.
- Both sides come from elite lines.
- Royal Mining Academy in Freiberg
- Santa Rita Mine in Arizona, 1860
- Bushnell military industrial family
- Pompelly is a play on words for Pompeii, a fake archeological site
Freiberg is featured in a report on the ruins of the Franco-Prussian War, this is a spook name-drop. There was nothing at Freiberg. We ran into another character claiming to go to school here, one of the 8 anarchists involved in the Haymarket Bombing.
Bam Citadel, below, taken in 1930 by Aurel Stein, who we met in the Asian Reset essay.
Winged Lion in Chains
Persian Bath House mosaic, in the Georgia Archives.
The location of the image merits its inclusion to this article even though Persia is outside the scope. It will move into its own dedicated article.
Theres all the leads you need. The last paragraph blows the whole show out of the water. Im sure its so regrettable no records were kept of the Chicago excavation.
Ernest Herzfeld was the one in charge also provided artifact from an earlier excavation indicates those are fake as well. We already knew they were fake but thats the path. The same thing was common during the US Westward Expansion.
Luigi Pesce (1827-1864) a Neapolitan lieutenant colonel and amateur photographer, was employed by Nasir al-Din Shah, beginning in 1848, to modernize the Persian army, and eventually became commander-in-chief of its infantry. In 1857 Pesce took the earliest documented photographs of Persepolis (and some of the earliest photographs of Tehran), for which he was awarded an Honorable Mention at the 1862 International Exhibition in London.
Hiebert completed his doctoral dissertation at Harvard University in 1992. He was assistant curator for Old World Archaeology at Harvard University’s Peabody Museum from 1993 to 1996. Penn U. Worked with George Luca to create museum exhibit about Indy. His research partner Robert Ballard, discoverer of the Titanic.
M.E. Masson was a Soviet archeologist.
He was the founder of the archaeology school in Central Asia and a professor, doctor of historical and archaeological sciences and member of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences.
Masson was the descendant of a French aristocrat who moved to Russia during the Jacobin terror. This is a segment of the French Revolution that never happened, one lie props up another. In 1916 Masson started studies at the Petrograd Polytechnical Institute to become an engineer and irrigator. Irrigation means he was in to do with canals, the whole region is canalized from the Olde World
Masson gained an interest in the protection and restoration of historical landmarks in Samarkand and soon became curator of the Samarkand Oblast Museum. He began conducting archaeological investigations and excursions and added to the museums’ collection including panels of the Samanid palace excavated in Afrasiyab.
In 1924, Masson went to Tashkent and became head of the archaeological department of the Museum of Middle Asia. He was also further educated at the Turkistan Institute for the Oriental Studies and from 1929 to 1936 studied the history of mining at the Geological Committee. He led further expeditions including the Termez Archaeological Complex Expedition (1936–1938); the expedition for the archaeological supervision at the construction of the Great Fergana Channel (1936), STACE – South Turkmenistan Complex Archaeological Expedition (1946–1968), and KAE – Kesh Archaeological Expedition (from 1963).
If you go back and read the Asian Reset article I wrote there is a segment about the ‘Great Game’, which was a series of political maneuvers between Russian and British governments concerning the status of newly acquired lands in Asia and the Middle East. The game was a juggling act between countries that were competitors and at war with each other in the public media but really were working together to install the centralized wage/debt slave system. Viktor was the next-gen Soviet equivalent to the American explorers of the Asian theater, like Tibet.
Heres another one labeled the model ‘Indiana Jones’… We have done quite a few of these fake ancient cultures and archeological sites by now and every one has an ‘Indiana Jones’ archaeologist. Look people, the fictional movie character was not based on any person. The Indy character was created in order to humanize and sex-up the standard procedure for manufacturing fake antiquities. All these parts of his-story they want compartmentalized bc they regurgitate the same script so often it gets repetitive, like Indiana Jones as the archetype for the slimy intel agents…
Viktor was a Soviet archaeologist. He discovered the remains of a Bronze Age culture in the Karakum Desert in 1976. The culture came to be known as the Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex. He made the discovery after writing a book about the potiential for its existance.
While still a student, in 1949, Sarianidi began to work at archaeological sites in Turkmenistan under the supervision of M.E. Masson. (Nice pun) Following his graduation from the Central Asian State University in 1952, he joined the Historical Museum in Samarkand, where he worked for two years. He then obtained a Master’s degree in 1961 from the Institute of Archaeology of the Soviet Academy of Sciences in Moscow.
Masson was educated in Tashkent at the time Viktor was born there. This is not a coincidence. Keep that name on the backburner for a while
In 1975, with his work “Afghanistan in the Bronze Age and the Iron Age,” he was awarded a doctorate in historical science by the Russian Academy of Sciences.
He became known worldwide for his excavations at the Tillya Tepe archaeological site in Afghanistan in 1978, on the eve of the Soviet invasion and the ensuing civil war. There, he discovered the necropolis in a tomb, containing six graves (five women and one man), with extremely rich jewels (about 20,000 gold objects), dating to the 1st century BC.
Near the chieftain’s rib cage, excavators found an Indian medallion that, according to Véronique Schiltz, a French archaeologist with the National Center for Scientific Research in Paris, bears one of the earliest representations of Buddha. The man had been buried with his head resting on a gold plate on a silk cushion. Around him lay two bows, a long sword, a leather folding stool and the skull and bones of a horse.
So let me get this straight, he writes a book about Karakum Desert being a wealth of history and the next year finds exactly what he claimed he would find in his book? Sure he did.
Using suggestive phrases to manipulate the mark into producing vivid mental imagery in part of the psyche war. His quote reads like a National Park Service promo. Its a travel brochure.
In 1996, a great necropolis was discovered 350 metres to the west of Gonur. Excavations there continued over the next ten years, and uncovered nearly 3000 graves.
Chief amongst these was the capital city Gonur Tepe, which was founded at the end of the third millennium BCE, lasting till around 1600 BCE. The city had a central palace protected by fortified walls with rectangular towers. Outside these walls, on the eastern side, was discovered the earliest known Fire temple, “predating Zoroaster [1000 BC?] by at least fifteen hundred years but linked with what would become the rituals of his faith”. Sacrificial temples had been set up along the southern and western faces of the walls. The temples were surrounded by a second series of reinforced monumental walls. In the south, two pools (one measuring 100 by 60 metres) were discovered, based on which it was speculated that the population of Gonur worshipped water. The discoveries of Margush and Gonurdepe caused Sarianidi to argue “that they proved[d] that the Amu Darya (Oxus River) valley in Central Asia constitutes a fourth point of origin of urban civilization, along with the Nile, Indus, and Tigris-Euphrates valleys.”
The Bactrian Hoard
[This piece stands out bc it combines religious iconography from multiple people; The dot on the forehead and provocative nature of the body plus the wreath.]
After Victor propheticizes the discovery of the gold site in 75 and it is found in 78, the Afgan Revolution swept through the country. Warfare is most often used as a backdrop to destroy artifacts from the Olde World, or fake ones from the modern world.
In 1979, the site was surveyed by a Soviet-Afghan team of archaeologists led by Victor Sarianidi a year before the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Victor Sarianidi was the Soviet archaeologist who also excavated Gonur Tepe, in neighbouring Turkmenistan.
Sarianidi’s crew found about 20,600 gold (70% gold content) ornaments, some weighing a kilo, with a variety of designs – some local and other designs seen elsewhere along the Silk Road. Some of the designs are a synthesis of Parthian, Greek, Chinese, Indian and local themes.
Viktor Sarianidi, the Moscow archaeologist who led the joint Soviet-Afghan team that uncovered the graves, compares the impact of the find to the 1922 discovery of Tutankhamen’s tomb.
When the mound of Talayeh Tepe was excavated by Sarianidi’s team, Sarianidi promptly speculated that the ruined building had most likely been a fire temple and further reports added that it had likely been a Zoroastrian Fire Temple. The mound was also called an ancient necropolis, a burial ‘city’. However, other than reports of the six or seven graves which contained the gold artefacts, we are not clear how many other graves the area contained and is the number qualifies it to be a necropolis rather than a graveyard.
The building, whose construction we mentioned earlier was dated by Sarianidi at 1,500 BCE, consisted of two halls whose flat roofs were supported by fifteen square columns. The larger room contained a raised platform (a three metre or twenty-foot high brick platform?), which Sarianidi reported contained traces of ash and was therefore a fire altar. This led Sarianidi to further speculate that the building was a fire temple.
Though Sarianidi was a pioneer in many respects, his archaeological techniques have been criticized by other archaeologists, and we have found many of his claims, for instance regarding finding evidence of a haoma ritual site in Gonur to be outlandish and more speculation than science. (Also see our section on Very Poor Archaeological Practices in the Gonur (Turkmenistan) page.
The following is an excerpt from Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopaedia:
The collection of 30,600 Bactrian gold ornaments discovered at Talayeh Tepe / Tillya Tepe “… was thought to have been lost at some point in the 1990s, but in 2003 it was found in secret vaults under the central bank building in Kabul. It is believed that, in mid 1990s, seeing its historical value and importance to Afghanistan’s cultural heritage, the last president of Afghanistan, Mohammad Najibullah had moved the hoard from Kabul Museum, located near the frontline, to an underground vault at the Central Bank of Afghanistan in Kabul. The doors of the vault were locked with seven keys which were distributed to trusted individuals who were based abroad. The vault, which could only be opened if all the keys were available, provided security to the Bactrian Hoard, protecting it on numerous occasions from attempts by the Taliban to steal it. During the invasion of Afghanistan by American forces, the Taliban, who were unaware that all seven keys were needed in order to open the vault, made one last attempt to get their hands on the treasure by planting bombs on the vault door. Before they could detonate the bombs, American troops arrived at the central bank and the militants were forced to flee. Had the Taliban managed to bomb the vault, the underground chamber in which the hoard was stored would have almost certainly collapsed, destroying the hoard forever.
“In 2003, after the Taliban was successfully defeated, the new government wanted to open the vault, but the key-holders could not be summoned because their names were purposefully unknown. Hamid Karzai had to issue a decree authorizing the attorney general to go ahead with safecracking. But in time, the seven key-holders were successfully assembled and the vault opened. Since then, the National Geographic Society has catalogued the collection, which appears to be complete — 22,000 objects. Also witnessing the re-opening were National Geographic Explorer and Archaeology Fellow Fredrik Hiebert and the archaeologist who originally found the hoard, Viktor Sarianidi.”
“It is now clear that Omar Khan Massoudi, director of Kabul’s National Museum, and a few other Afghans risked their lives to protect the artefacts from the Taliban, who were intent on destroying images—and who, in 2001, succeeded in blowing up the famed Bamiyan Buddhas, towering stone sculptures carved into the mountainside by monks about 1,500 years ago.
“Massoudi and his staff “are the real heroes,” Sarianidi says, for saving the remains of a remarkable culture from oblivion.”
Smithsonian has a different take; maybe its just professional rivalry.
According to this gatekeeper fractal…
Two sites in one:
it was found that the mound had been formed by earth covering an ancient building whose construction was subsequently dated to 1,500-1,000 BCE. Fifteen hundred years after its construction, that is around two thousand years ago, in the first century CE, the building that had been destroyed some five hundred years earlier, had already been covered by earth and the resulting mound was used as a royal burial site.
The graves apparently survived intact because they were well concealed in the ruins of the Iron Age temple.
It is appropriate the site contained many coins of other faked cultures and was ‘rediscovered’ in secret vaults of the central bank. This shows it was a bankster con.
Archaeological evidence about nomadic groups is rare, for obvious reasons. (They are fake.) The Tillya Tepe graves contained the first examples of nomadic art to be found in Afghanistan. Initially Hiebert thought the nomads had acquired the artifacts by “cherry-picking the Silk Road,” he says. But after inventorying the objects, he was persuaded by their similarities that they all came from a single local workshop. yeah, the local university art studio.
Awards and recognition
- Gold cross of Order of Honour of Greece.
- Honorary citizenship of Turkmenistan, 2000.
- Makhtumkuli International Prize, Turkmenistan, 2001.
- Jamal ad-Din al-Afghani prize, the highest cultural honour of Afghanistan.
- Excavations of monuments of Tahirbey, Yaz Depe (1955-1956),
- Togolok (1970s).
- 1978 Tillya Tepe and the Bactrin Hoard
- Supervised excavations that led to the culture of Margiana (or Margush),
- discovery in 1990 of over 200 settlements dating to the Bronze Age and early Iron Age.
Sarianidi found what appears to be the boiler for the ritual drink soma, which is mentioned in the sacred Hindu texts. Sarianidi says he also found dishes with traces of cannabis, poppy and ephedra. According to him, this discovery strengthens the theory that these were the ingredients of soma.
The excavations of the settlement of Ulug Tepe, near Dushak in south Turkmenistan, found similar implements for making soma drink, described as a “pressure set”. It is only a crude mortar and pestel
The ‘pressure set’ is only a mortar and pestal. There never was a mystical Soma drink. This is part of the Psychedelic Industrial Complex and their MK Ultra type druggie culture agenda. Soma is the same boat as the Medieval Flying Potion witch recipe. Just take all the psychoactive plants in the neighborhood and mix and pass.
The Tillya Tepe Buddhist coin is a gold coin that was discovered at the archaeological site of Tillya Tepe in modern Afghanistan. Present location is the Kabul Museum.
On the reverse, it depicts a lion with the Buddhist symbol of the triratna, with the Kharoshthi legend Sih[o] vigatabhay[o] “The lion who dispelled fear”.
The imagery of the naked man wearing Greek clothes is said to be the Hermes/Mercury figure. In the Buddhist legend Hermes is “The one who turned the Wheel of the Law”.
There are more similarities between Buddha and Hermes besides in metaphysical roles, the simi between the names of they respective mothers, Maya for the Buddha and Maia for Hermes, as well as the stories of their miraculous births. This shows that elements are borrowed from each other and they all share the same story. This raises the possibility that this coin is one of the earliest representation of the Buddha.
Earlier connections between Greek deities and Buddhist symbolism appears on the coins of Indo-Greek kings such as Menander II (90–85 BCE), in which Zeus, through Nike, can be seen handing a wreath of victory to a Wheel of the Law.
The next earliest known representation of the Buddha is that of the Bimaran casket, dated circa 50 CE
The Grand Buddha of Bamiyan, Afghanistan, c. 1939
Memoirs of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1910 via scan,  Hayden H.H. (888)
- Altyn Tepe,
- Monjukli Depe,
- Togolok, Mehrgarh
- Teppe Zagheh
- Tepe Sialk
A number of the sites, for instance Altyn depe (meaning golden hill), contain artifacts from Harappa in the Indus valley and Sumer / Mesopotamia in the Tigris-Euphrates valley indicating extensive and far-reaching trading along the Silk Roads. (cf. Altyn-Depe by Vadim Mikhailovich Masson and Henry N. Michael, Published by Univ. of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology.) This site didnt get all the recognition in the West bc it was a threat to the status quo. It is supposed to connect other sites like Harappa and Mohen jadaro.
The site was discovered in 1974 by the French Archaeological Mission led by the French archaeologists Jean-François Jarrige and his wife, Catherine Jarrige. Mehrgarh was excavated continuously between 1974 and 1986, and again from 1997 to 2000. Archaeological material has been found in six mounds, and about 32,000 artifacts have been collected from the site….
Tepe Sialk was excavated for three seasons (1933, 1934, and 1937). Excavation was resumed for several seasons between 1999 and 2004 by a team from the University of Pennsylvania and Iran’s Cultural Heritage Organization called the Sialk Reconsideration Project. In 2008 and 2009 an Iranian team worked at the northern mound finding 6 burials. Artifacts from the original dig ended up mostly at the Louvre, while some can be found at the British Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, and the National Museum of Iran and in the hands of private collectors. These artifacts consisted of some very fine painted potteries.
All of these institutions are gatekeepers, thats why you see the same places excavated by the same entities decades apart from each other. They only deal with fake timeline frauds so their involvment is a giveaway. They act like pottery is the pinnacle of advanced civilization; glazed or painted pots are the best thing since sliced tater bread.. Note the ram painted on the pot below matches the ram from Tilley Tepe and the petroglyphs. The theme is repeated bc the art students that put the scenes together use the same model
Capital of Turkmenistan. A historic Seat of power was a stop along the Transcaspian Railway, an Olde World relic, and played a crucial role during the Bolshevik Revolution
More mainstream academic papers, Royal Asiatic Society
Italian expedition to the Himalaya, Karakoram and Eastern Turkestan (1913 – 1914) Here
Photo’s by Burke, late 1800’s
Cyrus’s policies and achievements formed the basis of the multiethnic Achaemenid Empire, which introduced new forms of writing, religion, and luxury goods to the Near East. These include architectural fragments, finely carved seals, and gold jewelry, vessels, and luxury objects from the Oxus Treasure.
As if the people that built the mud huts were capable of building the temple complex.
Maiden Tower is the name given to at least two relics from the Olde World, onein Baku and the other in Constantinople
The interesting thing about this is in old pre-history maps the spire changes.
Proxy Battles for the His-Story Books
Geok Tepe is an ancient relic with a modern attachment. There was a battle in 1881 between the locals and the Russians which caused the destruction of the fort and blah blah blah. The image above shows the locals.
First off, 1881 is relatively late, photography was commonplace by now so there should be real pictures but all we get is illustrations and written accounts
Beato, Felice Antonio: A boat bridge in Khushalgar during the occupation of Afghanistan by three British and Indian army corps. Beato is the one that is credited with photographing the Opium Wars in China and the Indian Revolution at Lucknow. His name dropped is a tell.
This image is also attributed to John Burke in the LOC, part of the 2nd Afghan War. The list of wars is a mile long to explain the military presence over a century
This is a site most recognized by mainstream historians and antiquity aficionados. A complex of cliff-tombs and Bas-Relief sculptures that tells the lineage of a line of kings and their relationship with the Gods as rulers of the world. This is the joint shown on Ancient Aliens all the time with the thing, you know.
King Artaxerxes on a platform sacrificing to the eternal, sacred fire and the god Ahura Mazda. The people below the platform represent the nations subject to the Persian empire. One World Government
Cube of Zoroaster
— a tower at Naqsh-e Rustam, Iran.
THE SQUARE BUILDING AND THE FIRE-ALTARS.
^ Although not strictly a temple, since the Persians had no true temples like the Greeks, it is precisely the sort of building that would have been adapted to the purpose of preserving the sacred fire which was kept burning in some hallowed urn. The absence of windows (for the window-spaces are blank) and of a smoke-vent is no convincing argument against this view, because smoke was regarded as a creation of the evil spirit and every effort was doubtless made to provide against its formation.
^ Leaving this square building and riding around the lower end of the bluff we come to two Fire-Altars, carved out of the living stone and dating back to Achaemenian times, according to the generally accepted view, from which there is no occasion to dissent. They recalled to me the ddityagdtu, or fire-altar, of Avestan days, and I could fancy the Magian priest heaping high…-History book from 1906 reads more like a fantasy novel, the mystique is part of the attraction
Tomb of Darius the Great
Naqš-e Rustam was already a place of some importance when king Darius I the Great ordered his monumental tomb to be carved into the cliff. It is easy to think of a reason why: there is a beautiful echo, which may have inspired people to convert this place into a cult site. [LoL]
The design of Darius’ tomb became something of the new standard classic. It had the shape of a cross, within its center was the access to a small chamber where the king was buried, together with several other people. In the upper register, we can see the king sacrificing; in the central register, we can see his palace; the lower register remained undecorated.
In fact, the very existence of Darius’ tomb is a bit problematic, because many ancient Iranians were Zoroastrians, who exposed their dead to the dogs and vultures. [This is commonly found in the Peruvian Andes and Nepal Sky Burials, regurgitated script] . Alternatively, the Achaemenid kings may not have been Zoroastrians at all.
In the upper arm of the cross is a relief, which shows Darius in front of an altar, praying to the supreme god Ahuramazda (who is shown seated on a winged disk) and the moon, and venerating the holy fire. Twenty-eight people, representing the subject nations, are carrying the platform on which Darius is standing. To the left and right, important courtiers have been depicted, like Gobryas and Aspathines.
All history is taken from ancient Greek writer Herodotus, who is a modern fantasy invented like all the other ancient bards, to help provide an official narrative. His writings are taken as authentic without question and any errors are simply shrugged away. There was no Ancient Greece just like there was no Ancient Persia or Ancient Anybody bu the world is very young. My website tagline reads the Reset of 1800 but in some places it was after the Civil War before ppl moved in in Europe thre are places that fifnt repopulate until after World War 2.
The central part of the cross has the same dimensions as the southern entrance of the palace of Darius in Persepolis. It has been assumed that the four-columned façade of the tomb is a copy of the entrance of the palace. Here was an inscription too, which has been compared to a will: it is, essentially, a description of what a good king is supposed to be. This text also became a classic and was copied by Darius’ son and successor Xerxes.