The Beginning of “Disaster Tourism” and the Hirsch Catastrophe

I came across the picture below and I had to look at the context. When I found it I was looking for how Olde World buildings were relocated, some were raised, others were rotated and more were separated from the foundations and floated miles down river. Some places, like the city of Chicago were major urban areas that were supposedly elevated for drainage reasons.

Knowing an Intelligence marker when I see one it only took a few clicks until I found a bunch more, enough to base a dedicated post on. I don’t speak German though and don’t have the time or inclination to track down every lead to the end so Im gonna present what I have and if anyone wants to pursue farther pl send me a copy of your report when its finished.

The boy with his hands in his pockets is what caught my attn. A closer study shows almost all of them with the same ‘Hidden Hand’ pose and almost all of them children. This is significant bc the World was repopulated with war orphans.

When looking at old buildings its curious to see different periods of construction of the course of history but they seem to be backward with the older section on top and new construction on the bottom. You’d think the existing part would stay in-situ and new levels built on top. Then I found this case which shows how the procedure is accomplished.


The Hirsch disaster occurred when the “Hirsch” inn in Nagold , Württemberg , collapsed on April 5, 1906 when an attempt was made to raise the building 1.8 meters to fit more businesses into his shop. More than 50 people died and another 100 people were injured, some seriously.

Another thing that indicates it was all planned from the beginning is the media coverage; the Inn-raising event was covered all over the region beforehand and the collapse was world headlines.

The hall was not evacuated during construction, in fact they had a big party and crowded the upper portion of the hall with dancing. The papers announced a serving of ‘Butchers Soup’, a type of broth made from boiling pork foodstuffs, a local delicacy served on special occasions.

  • This was officially the start of a new trend in something that would become “Disaster tourism” thousands and thousands of people flocked to the area the next day to view the rubble pile. The funeral was attended by thousands more.
  • It was Palm Sunday weekend, no bigger psy-op than religious holidays
  • The contractor that was responsible had a mock trial and sentenced to 6 months which he never completed bc he suddenly got sick and died.
  • The regional authority figure was a Hofmann, that’s a dead giveaway. Other noteworthy Spook families included were Frick, Benz, Schuster, Schmid, Drescher, Gottlieb and others… It was a Spook family affiar.
  • Rückgauer used a system that had been developed in the USA, the whole city of Chicago is said to have been raised 2-3 meters.
  • Hirsch translates into ‘Deer’, there was a molded deer on the side of the building that was salvaged from the debris and moved to another location and still in use today
  • Multiple sources bring up the Titanic for comparison, psy-ops usually prop each other up with themselves. If you find one name dropping a well know false flag its a sure sign they both are.
  • The large number of victims results from the fact that during the work there was no ban on access to the building or the immediate vicinity for the many onlookers, some of whom spontaneously helped to operate the winches. Most of the new helpers were members of the athletics team and the local chorus. These are known Intelligence “Spook” outfits, operatives. Athletics offers a chance to travel around and compete with other countries without causing suspicion.
  • Post cards of the scene were made and you can still buy them online for about 90$ US.
  • A special cemetery was built for the casualties and paid for by the State.

The manager of the project, the building contractor Erasmus Rückgauer , who had already successfully lifted around 80 houses, survived with minor injuries and was later sentenced to several months in prison for his numerous failures However, due to a serious illness (jaundice) and his death soon after, he was no longer able to complete his sentence. This would be important later as he was accused in court of being drunk on the job but he testified he didn’t drink, yet he died from alcohol related illnesses in the short period before going to jail?

  • December 12, 1903, the Cafe Waldburg in Lichtental (Baden-Baden) collapsed during an attempt to lift it
  • 1905 at the “Grüner Baum” inn in nearby Altensteig,
  • April 5, 1906 the “Hirsch” inn in Nagold collapsed during the uplift, killing about 50 people and seriously injuring around 100.
  • Another accident involving four fatalities and seven serious injuries among the construction workers is reported for Heckfeld in 1908.

April 5, 1906 brought “a beautiful spring morning,” as it says in one of the town’s home books. It was a special day for Nagold: Many people came together from the surrounding villages, from its streets and alleys to experience something extraordinary:

The people of Stuttgart are specialists in adding stories to houses. The Stuttgart foreman Rückgauer and his helpers want to start building the Nagold restaurant “Hirsch” so that a new one can be built there Hall can be installed. 

By means of winches, supports and levers, the upper floor of a building is raised so that a new floor can be built underneath. 

The builders start their work at 7 a.m. The “Hirsch” is already open, despite the construction work, business operations continue. The fact that music was also played in the bar, and that people even danced wildly to their deaths.

The disaster has become known nationally as the “Deer Disaster”. The first cracks are showing in the building and the floor of the rooms is beginning to sway. The lifting work is not proceeding as regularly as usual. It is around 12 noon – the local glee club has meanwhile turned up to perform a song – when only a few centimeters are left before the work is finished. What happens then is reported in the Nagold homeland chronicle:

“A terrible, tremendous noise, like a terrible clap of thunder. Then an eerie silence, a tremendous column of dust that darkened the whole city and then a thousand voices screaming, wailing, wailing, calls for help, as it had never been heard in the Nagoldtal. The building was suddenly collapsed in on itself. Many workers, many spectators, many guests of the “Hirsch” lay under these enormous masses of rubble, some dead immediately, others with severed limbs, many wedged in terrible agony.”

On the Sunday after the disaster, the town was more crowded than ever: “One would have thought that a big cyclist festival was taking place in Nagold,” wrote the “Schwäbische Merkur”. 12,000 to 15,000 onlookers come, among other things, in six special trains, in automobiles, on wheels or on foot on the country road. 

5,000 to 6,000 people attend the funeral of the victims. 

For almost a generation, Nagold became synonymous with an unfortunate city. Six years before the “Titanic” catastrophe, with regard to the “Hirsch” accident, the first slight doubts about the supposedly perfect technology in the construction industry.

One of the bodies found was still clutching his beer glass.

Local artist exhibition. idk what the paper says.

The inn was built in 1852 after the previous building collapsed on the night of the 23rd . September 1850 fell victim to the Nagold city center fire . It stood on the property on the corner of Hirschstrasse and Marktstrasse opposite the town hall . In 1868 it was expanded with an extension so that in 1906 it was around 24 meters long , 11.25 meters wide and weighed 650 tons . _ _ The building had a basement , two full floors and a knee floor . The lower floor was made of sandstone blocks , the rest of the house was made of brick and plastered timber frame . The entrance was on the side facing Marktstrasse . _ _ The ground floor contained a coach house and wooden stables . Two utility rooms as well as the kitchen and a private apartment were housed on the first floor , and there was a larger hall on the second floor as well as utility and guest rooms . The house was decorated with a sculptural depiction of a deer as an inn sign .

The planned increase

Hirschwirt Klein had the building on the 27th . Sold to his son-in-law Theodor Neudeck in December 1905 . He had recently received an inheritance and wanted to redesign the inn , which was used by several clubs . In particular, a higher hall should be installed . In the As part of the changes , the inn was to be raised by around 1.60 meters . The plans for the redesign were drawn up by city architect Josef Lang , who was also responsible for supervising the construction work . However, the raising of the building was awarded in a separate contract . Erasmus Rückgauer created on the 22nd . In February 1906 , he made an offer in which he expressly accepted responsibility for any accidents that were caused by him or his employees , but not for accidents or “ damage caused by invisible design errors” . [ 1 ] The lifting should cost 4000 marks . In March 1906 the plan submitted by Josef Lang were approved by the local council. With regard to the building, it was also decided to close a part of Marktstrasse to carts on the day of the lifting, and to cordon off the  buildings  at a distance of up to four  meters , the installation  of warning signs and night lighting between the elevation  and the  underpinning. According to Rückgauer’s concept , this should only take place when the total height of the uplift has been reached . The building authorities also retained their rights further orders . 

The tavern operation remained permitted even while the  building was  being raised , as neither Josef Lang nor Erasmus Rückgauer had warned  against it. At this point, Rückgauer had already lifted, rotated or  relocated around 80 buildings . In Nagold the lifting is particularly successful of the Gasthof zum Grünen Baum in Altensteig , whereas an attempt to lift the cafe Waldburg in Lichtenstein near Baden – Baden had failed and ended with the building collapsing . _ _ _ _ _ _

Rückgauer used a system that had been developed in the USA in the 1890s . _ _ He did not make any detailed inquiries about the condition  of each house before he raised the building; he considered an inspection of the interior to be sufficient . The buildings were If such a need was recognized , repaired before lifting , then separated from its foundation and supported with a beam grid . The building was then enclosed with muntins and struts and provided with sliding rollers . Furthermore, the weight of the house was calculated and it Winches were set up as required Round timbers were placed vertically between the winch plates and the grate .

Building inspector Schmid from Stuttgart , who later investigated the  case , explained that the inn was not in a condition that could be raised . In particular , the beams that rested on the ground floor , especially under the kitchen and the vestibule , were rotten and partly broken There were also rotten pieces of wood in the area of ​​the kitchen , the stairwell and the vestibule on the first floor . Lang had some areas repaired , but some workers had already considered this to be insufficient . _ _ _ _ _ Also would have There were defective chimneys in the building . The grate that was placed under the ceiling on the ground floor consisted of three different parts of different heights and could therefore not be used to securely hold the house together . _ This is not the case either stiffened and secured by additional connections between the individual parts . The number of stands used – 18 in total – was also too small and the distribution of the 85 winches from Maschinenfabrik Esslingen was arbitrary . _ The ball joints were also criticized Winches , which Rückgauer had touted as his personal specialty .

 According to the contract, Neudeck had to provide the operating crew at the winches . Erasmus Rückgauer only had his room foreman Kübler and seven trained workers were brought along . Neudeck relied on around 20 people who worked under master  carpenter Benz . _ There were also 25 workers from the Beutler and Drescher construction business as well as 20 to 30 members of the gymnastics club and the Liederkranz as well as other people , some of whom apparently appeared spontaneously involved in the operation of the winches . At last count , around 100 people were working on the winches . In addition to Kübler , Benz and Drescher as well as the workers Zugermaier and Luz were supposed to be in charge . However , the indictment later described the activity as an anthill had not been compared , counted and measured , or not with the necessary care . External control was shared by Erasmus Rückgauer and a few other people . Here too , according to the prosecution, there was a lack of a reliable organization . According to building officer Schmid you could already at 8 . 00 o’clock in the morning to find that the extension in Marktstraße was too low in relation to the rest of the house . Three quarters of an hour later , he had moved from the wing of the house , at 9 . 00 o’clock the foundation stones began to move and half an hour later the back wall of the stairwell was falling off . Various cracks were observed . Around 10 . _ At 30:00 a bang was heard . _ The southern gable temporarily assumed a hanging position , around 11 . _ 00 o’clock the stairwell gave way the stands , so that experienced workers refused to work at this point . _ _ _ _ _ At 12 . At 30 p.m. the southern gable was 5 to 6 cm lower than the northern one ; according to Schmid , the lifting in the kitchen area was not possible at this time forward and under the left kitchen window a first stone fell out of the wall . Further lifting caused the building to shift . _ _ _ Roof tiles fell at the border of the extension and then the north -eastern corner gate on the first floor collapsed . Few Minutes later, the building first swung to the south and then to the north and then collapsed like a funnel , with the rear half of the roof falling into the courtyard and the southern gable into Hirschstrasse . One outer wall on the long side is in the Marktstrasse has been pressed .

Apart from the approximately 100 workers , there were other people in the inn at the time of the collapse , as the inn’s operations continued on the first floor , which was accessible via an emergency staircase , and there were also people in the hall on the second floor wanted to be raised with the inn .

Senior medical officer Dr. Fricker put the death toll from the collapse at 52 . _ The majority of these people suffocated under the rubble and building rubble . However , 53 names are mentioned on the plaque in the burial chapel that was later built for the victims ; Gottlob Müller apparently only died as a result of the long-term consequences of the accident in December 1906 . Almost 100 injuries were also reported .

Salvage work began immediately after the collapse . The dead were laid out in the town hall and some of the injured were also brought to the town hall . Bandages , stretchers and instruments were delivered with aid trains from Freudenstadt and Calw . A few hours after the accident , telegrams of condolence arrived of the King and Queen in Nagold , and in the evening Interior Minister Johann von Pischek appeared on site as a representative of the government . District President von Hofmann , as a representative of the Black Forest District, also traveled to Nagold on the day of the accident , as did Chief Public Prosecutor Cless from the Tübingen Regional Court , who took up the investigations with Oberamtsrichter Sigel .

Rückgauer , who reacted negatively to the various warning signs and was buried himself , suffered injuries but was able to drive back to Stuttgart in his son -in – law ‘s car that same day .

In the following days , extensive press reports appeared and a lot of disaster tourism developed . On Palm Sunday 1906, so many vehicles drove to and through Nagold that “ the street dust appeared to be ripped from the tracks .”  The printing press of the official gazette Shareholder sold special editions and views of the unfortunate house. 

A little later the publisher I. _ Junginger published a brochure entitled The Catastrophe  in Nagold , which reported 55 deaths . _ _ _ _ _ _ The fate of the Neudeck family ‘s maid was particularly remembered who is said to have dreamed of the inn collapsing shortly before the accident and was among the dead . In addition to the gruesome details of individual deaths , wonderful rescues were also reported .

On the 7th On April 1 , the local council met and decided not only to take part in the burial of the Nagold victims planned for the same evening in the cemetery near the Egidius Church , but also to have a communal grave with a fence and a memorial that was not built before the year 2000 should be touched upon and financed by the city . The city was also supposed to bear the costs for the funeral music and for the car in which Court Marshal von Neurath and Minister of State von Pischek were to be picked up . Clean-up work at the scene of the accident should also be carried out to be pushed forward and people who were in urgent need as a result of the accident to be given rapid support .

The communal funeral of the victims from Nagold took place in the early evening of the 7th . April 1906 . _ A fundraising campaign was launched for the surviving relatives and those with health problems and a relief association was founded that was responsible for paying out pensions to the victims . Withdrawals continued until the 1940s ; _ _ _ For 1942, six widows and six injured people were listed as entitled to benefits .

In addition to the voluntary contributions provided by donors , the subsequent costs of the accident were also borne by the city of Nagold . She initially paid 596 marks for the treatment of the injured and 437 marks for the removal of rubble that was blocking traffic on Marktstrasse . _ These were first brought to the “ island ” , but then transported to the municipal gardens on Calwer Strasse , as they would otherwise have posed a danger during floods . In order to offset these costs , the city tried to use the lumber that was still usable to make the collapsed inn usable , which Theodor Neudeck  objected to .  Claims for damages from the Württemberg building trade association against the city of Nagold were initially estimated at 67,155 marks . In a settlement they finally agreed on 30,000 marks . _ _

Furthermore , according to the resolution of the local council of 7 . In April 1906 the tomb in the Nagold cemetery was financed by the city . The costs for this were set at 1,000 to 1,500 RM , but “ in the hope that the effort would be lower _ Boundary closer ”. Government architect Schuster presented a design , which was approved with minor changes and carried out by city architect Lang . On the 13th The facility was inaugurated in October 1907 . The graves of the Nagold victims are marked with uniform  stone slabs arranged around the chapel , inside which there is a plaque with  the names of those who died . Two gravestones for members of the building contractor families are more elaborately designed and are located at the  back of the chapel .

From the Gasthof Hirsch in Nagold, the inn cantilever with the  sculptural representation of a deer has been preserved and  recovered from the rubble . It still exists as a sign for the Gasthof Hirsch in Überberg . 

Rückgauer commented on the 16th . April 1906 in a letter to building officer Schmid about the accident . In it he blamed the collapse on the people who were and were moving inside the building : “ I and my people blamed the intruders on ours _ _ Workplace designated , but for guests and friends of the inn owner Neudeck , who soon joined the economy in the 1st . If I wanted to stick , I had no power . Some of these people came from far away and wanted to be employed by the inn in its economy through the newspaper trumpet and the announcement of a butcher ‘s soup , which I knew nothing about before .” 7 ] But it was not the guests on the first floor , but those on the second who actually caused the accident . They ran back and forth between the windows and _ This caused the building to sway until it finally collapsed . _ _ _ _ _ Rückgauer then argued the same thing in court . His foreman Kübler made similar statements in court . A witness also reported that he had attended dance events in the past Gasthof Hirsch noticed that the floor of the hall on the second floor was easy to shake . _ _

There was disagreement among the witnesses interviewed as to whether Rückgauer had consumed alcohol on the day of the lifting . However, the landlord of the Green Tree in Altensteig , Louis Kappler , stated that on March 3rd . In April 1903 , when his inn was opened , Rückgauer received an invitation _ Wine was rejected on the grounds that he had to be at work now . The court did not accept that Rückgauer was less culpable due to alcohol consumption , even though his family doctor had described him as a habitual drinker and sanguine .  Rückgauer became ultimately sentenced to six months in prison.

The main hearing took place on the 15th . until the 20th _ October 1906 before the criminal chamber of the Tübingen regional court , the defense filed an application for an appeal in November of the same year , but failed . Rückgauer should be on the 6th . He began his sentence in Rottenburg in May 1907 . However , a reprieve was obtained because Rückgauer was seriously ill at the time . _ He suffered from liver disease with jaundice and ascites as well as general loss of strength . He had already made a broken impression during the court hearing : “ Rückgauer himself […] did the pitiful impression of a man who has completely broken down , both externally and internally . His back arched more and more , his head sank ever lower , [ …] he answered all questions in a weak , toneless voice […],” wrote a witness in the court proceedings .  Rückgauer died on December 31st . May 1907 .

Friedrich Albrecht Hofmann , von Hofmann 

from 1905 , (born July 29 , 1851 in Neuenstein ; † November 8 , 1921 in Reutlingen ) was a Württemberg mayor and district president.

life and profession

Friedrich Hofmann was the son of a master shoemaker. He trained as a notary, which he completed in 1873 with the lower service examination. In 1875 he also passed the lower judicial service examination and in 1875 became provisional senior actuary at the Schorndorf Oberamt . From 1876 to 1878 he was given leave to study regional sciences in Tübingen (member of the AV Virtembergia Tübingen student association ), in 1878 he passed the first and in 1879 the second higher service examination. From 1879 to 1882 he was deputy bailiff at the Rottweil and Künzelsau district offices and from 1882 to 1883 he was provisional secretary at the Ministry of the Interior in Stuttgart. He worked as a government assessor for the government of the Neckar district in Ludwigsburg from 1883 to 1886. From 1886 to 1893 he headed the Neuenbürg Oberamt as senior bailiff . In 1893 he moved to the Ministry of the Interior as a government councilor, and at the same time he sat on the board of directors of the Württemberg Building Fire Insurance Company. In 1899 he became a ministerial councilor and from 1904 he became head of the government of the Black Forest district as district president in Reutlingen. In 1921, Friedrich von Hofmann retired shortly before his death.

In addition to his professional activities, Hofmann was chairman of the Württemberg State Red Cross Association from 1914 to 1915, a member of the Medical College, a member and board member of the replacement commission and, since 1893, a full, permanent member of the State Insurance Office.

Honors, ennobling

Albert Benz

Albert Benz (* 1877 in Esslingen am Neckar; 1944 verschollen, 1959 für tot erklärt) war ein Architekt.

Albert Benz studied at the building trade school in Stuttgart from 1892 to 1897 and at the same time completed an apprenticeship as a stonemason and carpenter . During his studies he worked as a draftsman .

He built commercial buildings and villas in several cities in Württemberg , including Esslingen am Neckar . He was also involved in monument preservation and art . He carried out restorations on some of Esslingen’s buildings . His recreations can hardly be distinguished from the original .

Since 1896 he has published articles on Esslingen’s architectural and cultural history . From 1902 to 1910 he was the city archivist .

In 1908 the Franziskanerkirche was restored . 1910 ging er in Konkurs und arbeitete danach in China für ein Berliner Architekturbüro . Dort war er unter anderem in Peking am Neubau des Parlamentsgebäudes beleicht . In Peking war er von 1914 bis 1917 auch als Professor an der Reich University active . During his time in China he also built the Nanking railway station In 1918 he returned to his Swabian homeland with his family . After his application for the post of city archivist of Stuttgart was unsuccessful , Benz moved with his in 1923 older children to the United States , while his wife and youngest daughter remained in Esslingen . _ He was initially employed there in a design office for factory architecture and later founded the Benz Construction Company in Philadelphia . At the beginning of the 1930s , Benz returned back to Germany . In 1934 he worked in the Stuttgart city archives . In 1937 he became a German citizen again , but soon afterwards he moved to Prague , where he worked as an assistant at the university and prepared his doctorate . During this time he lived on one Antique shop that he ran with a partner . _ During this time , he probably cataloged art looted by the Nazis from Austria in the Melk Monastery , and in Prague he may have witnessed how the property of Jewish art collectors was confiscated . According to his granddaughter Erika Weber Benz publicly protested against this approach in his lectures and possibly also supported resistance fighters . _

On the 4th In April 1944 he was taken from Leipzig to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp on a special transport . His trace is lost there . In his last postcard from the concentration camp , which was smuggled to Esslingen , Albert Benz wrote that he was in good company . 1959 be Albert Benz fur tot erklärt .

 Johann von Pischek


In 1844 Pischek’s family moved from Frankfurt to Stuttgart . His father , Johann Baptist Pischek (* 1814 ; † 1873 ), who came from Bohemia , has since worked as a singer at the Württemberg Court Theater . The mother’s name was Johanna née Heinz (* 1822 ; † 1847 ). After her early death he married Father is his late wife’s sister . The family had a total of four children .

Life and politics

From 1853 to 1860 , Johann Pischek attended the Eberhard – Ludwigs – Gymnasium in Stuttgart before studying law at the University of Tübingen from 1860 to 1866 , which he supplemented with a stay in Heidelberg in the winter semester of 1861/62 . _ The He passed both state law examinations in the spring of 1866 and the fall of 1867 . His work in the Württemberg judicial service began with the position of assistant judge and later judge at the Stuttgart City Court . In 1872 he began his career as a government councilor in the Ministry of the Interior . In the frame During his official duties he dealt with hydraulic and structural engineering matters both at the state level and in a commission to investigate the Rhine at the Reich level . Since 1891, Pischek headed the ministerial department for building construction , but resigned in 1892 due to conflicts with the Minister of the Interior Transfer Karl von Schmid to the State Ministry . After the death of Minister Schmid, Pischek resigned on December 14th . He succeeded him in December 1893 and remained as a member of the Mittnacht , Schottenstein , Breitling and Weizsäcker governments until the 20th . In office in December 1912 . In his For a long time as Württemberg’s interior minister , Pischek introduced a whole series of laws . These included several tax laws , pension regulations , welfare regulations , building regulations as well as municipal and district regulations . The attempt to reduce the administrative division of Württemberg _ Reforming the number of senior offices failed in 1911 . At the end of the following year , Karl von Fleischhauer succeeded him as Minister of the Interior . On the 29th In January 1913 , Pischek joined the Chamber of Lords as a member appointed for life , where he resided He worked in parliament “ with zeal and dedication ” 1 ] until his death .

Pischek also held leading positions in various state and private organizations , such as the Allgemeine Rentenanstalt , the Society for Kaufmann Rest Homes and the municipal aid committee in Stuttgart . _ _ _

Johann Pischek belonged to the Roman Catholic Church In 1873 he married the civil servant’s daughter Helene Klett (* 1853 ; † 1887 ). 2 ] The couple had four children .

  • Knight ‘s Cross I. Class ( 1881 ), Comentur Cross II . Class ( 1886 ) and Grand Cross ( 1895 ) of the Order of Frederick
  • Honorary Knight’s Cross ( 1881 ) and Grand Cross ( 1895 ) of the Order of the Württemberg Crown
  • Olga – Order
  • Dr. _ h . c . the University of Tübingen ( 1901 ) and the TH Stuttgart ( 1901 )
  • Naming of Pischekstrasse in Stuttgart ( 1913 )


This isnt the same exact Schmid from Hirsch but same family shows the political connections.

After attending high school in Ehingen , Schmid moved into the Wilhelmsstift in Tübingen in 1851 and studied Catholic theology until 1852 . From 1852 to 1857 he studied law at the universities of Tübingen and Freiburg . _ In Tübingen he became a member of the regional teamUlmia . After completing his studies , he worked as a lawyer in Rottenburg until 1858 and then in Munderkingen , where he also worked as a city councilor from 1861 to 1872 . In 1866 , under the influence of the German War , Schmid took part in the founding of the national liberal Germansparty . From 1868 to 1882 and again from 1889 until his death , he held a mandate from the voters of the Ehingen district in the Chamber of Representatives of the Württemberg State Estates . From 1871 to 1879 he also represented the Württemberg constituency 15 ( Ehingen , Blaubeuren , _ Laupheim , Münsingen ) Member of the Reichstag , in the parliamentary group of the National Liberal Party until 1877 , then in the parliamentary group of the German Reich Party . In 1872 he went to Ulm as a lawyer and in 1873 he entered the Württemberg civil service in Stuttgart as senior finance councilor . The appointment was made because of his work as the main rapporteur on tax reform in the Second Chamber . Since 1880, Schmid had been the Württemberg representative to the Federal Council . On the 9th In September 1887, Schmid succeeded his predecessor and party friend Julius Hoelder as Minister of the Interior . Schmid supported King Charles 1888 against the hostility in the affair surrounding the royal companion Charles Woodcock 

Marshal of the Court von Neurath

Konstantin von Neurath’s father Constantin Franz von Neurath was Württemberg’s Foreign Minister , Minister of Justice and President of the Privy Council . After attending high school in Stuttgart , Neurath studied law at the universities in Tübingen and Heidelberg from 1865 to 1870 . He traveled several times to Italy and Austria and took part in the 1st World War . Württ . Dragoon Regiment No. 23 on the German – French War of 1870/71 . _ In 1872 Neurath married Mathilde Freiin von Gemmingen – Hornberg (* 1847 ; † 1924 ). Neurath was a Protestant and had three sons , including the later German Foreign Minister Konstantin Freiherr von Neurath . As part of his political activities , Neurath was a member of the Reichstag from 1881 to 1890 as a member of the German Reich Party . There he represented the Württemberg 4 constituency ( Böblingen , Vaihingen , Leonberg , Maulbronn). As a landowner , Neurath became chief chamberlain at the Württemberg royal court . He was a close confidante of King Wilhelm II .


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